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Inform       Today is Saturday, May 30, 2020 and day 151 of the year.

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:54 PM

Watch Live: SpaceX and NASA to launch 2 astronauts to space station on Saturday

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

SpaceX and NASA are about to make history, sending astronauts from U.S. soil to the International Space Station. It’s the first crewed mission launched from the U.S. since the Space Shuttle program ended in 2011. And you can watch history in the making here. After bad weather caused a launch delay on May 27, the astronauts are preparing to try again at 3:22 p.m. EDT on Saturday, May 30, from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.  

Source:  © Livescience

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 10:05 AM

ባሌ ሊያፈቅረኝና ሊንከባከበኝ አይገባውም ወይ?

Informer : Appeal For Purity

We all are prone to having this nasty spirit called entitlement: “I deserve to be loved! I deserve to be treated this way and that way! I deserve to receive this and that because I did this and I did that!” And when this entitlement spirit exists in our marriages, it creates all kinds of tension and conflict.  

Source:  © Appeal For Purity

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:43 AM

New study examines impact of major life events on wellbeing

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Major life events such as marriage, death of a loved one, or bankruptcy all affect our wellbeing. Now, for the first time, researchers have compared the differing impact of these events on happiness and life satisfaction and how long that impact lasts.  

Source:  © University of Technology Sydney

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:21 AM

Exploring the use of \'stretchable\' words in social media

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

An investigation of Twitter messages reveals new insights and tools for studying how people use stretched words, such as 'duuuuude,' 'heyyyyy,' or 'noooooooo.'  

Source:  © PLOS

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:14 AM

Exchange of Arms between Chromosomes Using Molecular Scissors

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The CRISPR/Cas molecular scissors work like a fine surgical instrument and can be used to modify genetic information in plants. The research teams of Professor Holger Puchta of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Professor Andreas Houben from the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK) in Gatersleben have now been the first to not only exchange single genes, but to recombine entire chromosomes with the CRISPR/Cas technology. In this way, desired properties can be combined in crops.  

Source:  © Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:11 AM

Study shows domestic violence reports on the rise as COVID-19 keeps people home

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

A UCLA-led research team has found an increase in the incidence of domestic violence reports since stay-at-home restrictions were implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Source:  © University of California - Los Angeles

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 09:05 AM

Sugars could be the key to an earlier, more accurate test for prostate cancer

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

A new type of test that uses complex sugars to detect prostate cancer earlier and with greater accuracy is being developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham.  

Source:  © University of Birmingham

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 08:58 AM

Tackling indoor airborne transmission of Covid-19

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Preventing airborne transmission of Covid-19 should be the next front of the battle against the virus, argue experts from the University of Surrey.  

Source:  © University of Technology Sydney

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 07:35 AM

ESPRESSO confirms the presence of an Earth around the nearest star

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The existence of a planet the size of Earth around the closest star in the solar system, Proxima Centauri, has been confirmed by an international team of scientists including researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE). The results, which you can read all about in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics, reveal that the planet in question, Proxima b, has a mass of 1.17 earth masses and is located in the habitable zone of its star, which it orbits in 11.2 days. This breakthrough has been possible thanks to radial velocity measurements of unprecedented precision using ESPRESSO, the Swiss-manufactured spectrograph – the most accurate currently in operation  

Source:  © Université de Genève

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 07:28 AM

Exploiting viruses to attack cancer cells

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Hokkaido University scientists have made an adenovirus that specifically replicates inside and kills cancer cells by employing special RNA-stabilizing elements. The details of the research were published in the journal Cancers.  

Source:  © Hokkaido University

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 07:20 AM

Key components of proteins are twisted to boost reactions useful to medicine

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

In proteins, amino acids are held together by amide bonds. These bonds are long-lived and are robust against changes in temperature, acidity or alkalinity. Certain medicines make use of reactions involving amide bonds, but the bonds are so strong they actually slow down reactions, impeding the effectiveness of the medicines. Researchers devised a way to modify amide bonds with a twist to their chemical structure that speeds up reactions by 14 times.  

Source:  © University of Tokyo

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 07:12 AM

Autism severity can change substantially during early childhood

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The scientists found that nearly 30% of young children have less severe autism symptoms at age 6 than they did at age 3. In some cases, children lost their autism diagnoses entirely.
During early childhood, girls with autism tend to show greater reduction and less rise in their autism symptom severity than boys with autism  

Source:  © University of California - Davis Health

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 07:02 AM

Antarctic ice sheets capable of retreating up to 50 metres per day

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The ice shelves surrounding the Antarctic coastline retreated at speeds of up to 50 metres per day at the end of the last Ice Age, far more rapid than the satellite-derived retreat rates observed today, new research has found.  

Source:  © University of Cambridge

Informed on May 30, 2020 at 04:34 AM

Global Environmental Changes Leading to Shorter, Younger Trees

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Ongoing environmental changes are transforming forests worldwide, resulting in shorter and younger trees with broad impacts on global ecosystems, scientists say.  

Source:  © DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 09:36 AM

Be Careful What You Feed Your Brain: Cannabis and Mental Health

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Adolescence is an important period when the brain undergoes many changes. Because the brain is changing so much at this time, our experiences can have a huge impact on the brain’s health. Positive experiences keep the mind healthy, whereas negative experiences can lead to mental disorders. To process all the information that comes into the brain, the brain cells must talk with each other. They communicate via messenger systems. One of these systems is called the endocannabinoid (eCB) system. The eCB system plays an important role in the changes that happen in the adolescent brain. In this article, we see how the eCB system is affected by cannabis and how this may lead to a mental disorder.  

Source:  © Frontiers

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 09:33 AM

Why Do Some Children Struggle to Read?

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Some children have a very hard time learning to read. In spite of normal intelligence and no special hearing or vision problems, they still read very slowly and with many errors. These problems persist even after they become adults: their reading improves with practice but less than that of their peers. This persistent reading difficulty is called developmental dyslexia. It is still not clear what causes dyslexia, and in this article we describe findings from our lab and our interpretation regarding the basis of dyslexia. We found that people with dyslexia benefit less than people without dyslexia from repetition of sounds, and that they behave as if they are less familiar with common syllables and word structures. Using brain scanning equipment, we also found that brains of people with dyslexia “forget” sounds faster. This might be the reason that they do not benefit from repetition as much as people without dyslexia.  

Source:  © Frontiers

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 09:13 AM


Informer : USAID

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USAID is working toward a future where digital technology empowers all, especially the most vulnerable. In an effort to recognize USAID Missions, Bureaus and implementing partners helping countries on their Journey to Self-Reliance through the use of digital technologies, the U.S. Global Development Lab is launching the 2020 Digital Development Awards (The Digis).  

Source:  © USAID

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 08:45 AM

How CEO Ethical Leadership Influences Top Management Team Creativity

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The findings from this research have practical implications as well. First, in a competitive environment, CEOs can improve the creativity of top management team (TMT) members by adopting ethical leadership, giving members an open and equal atmosphere of communicating, learning, and sharing. CEOs can also encourage them to participate in decision making, to promote creativity and adapt to changes in the external environment. Second, the TMT usually has rich specific knowledge and excellent practical skills, which are critical in improving business efficiency. However, the transformation process of tacit knowledge is much more difficult than that of explicit knowledge. Therefore, the CEO should also pay attention to improving the cohesion of the TMT. It is necessary to strengthen the cohesion of the TMT so that the members can experience the identification of teamwork. This requires organizations not only to improve the knowledge and skill of team members but also to pay attention to the construction of team climate, which stimulates internal motivation. Third, in problem solving, leaders should have equal and fair communication with team members instead of imposing power orders. This is conducive to emotional bonding between team members, to increase mutual understanding and enhance knowledge sharing. Therefore, team members can make full use of their own advantages, give full play to their creative potential, and ultimately enhance the competitive advantage of the organization.  

Source:  © Frontiers

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 08:32 AM

The Relationship Between Loneliness and Empathy

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Compared to non-lonely people, lonely people act more prosocially and empathize more with emotional faces. This pattern occurs only for positive empathy because they perceive higher social support from sharing in others’ positive emotions. However, lonely people tend to avoid negative empathy because of decreased social support.  

Source:  © Frontiers

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 08:20 AM

The Impact of Past Trauma on Psychological Distress: The Roles of Defense Mechanisms and Alexithymia

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Following past trauma, people developed Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other psychological symptoms.
The severity of these distress symptoms was influenced by the way they defended themselves psychologically, and their ability to identify, express, and process distressing emotions.  

Source:  © Frontiers

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:55 AM

Prenatal exposure to ‘good bacteria’ prevents autism-like syndrome

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Giving beneficial bacteria to stressed mothers during the equivalent of the third trimester of pregnancy prevents an autism-like disorder in their offspring, according to a new animal study by CU Boulder researchers.  

Source:  © University of Colorado at Boulder

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:39 AM

Chimpanzees help trace the evolution of human speech back to ancient ancestors

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

One of the most promising theories for the evolution of human speech has finally received support from chimpanzee communication, in a study conducted by a group of researchers led by the University of Warwick.

The evolution of speech is one of the longest-standing puzzles of evolution. However, inklings of a possible solution started emerging some years ago when monkey signals involving a quick succession of mouth open-close cycles were shown to exhibit the same pace of human spoken language.  

Source:  © University of Warwick

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:35 AM


Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Scientists have developed a self-cleaning metallic surface. A project team of Technische Universität Dresden and the Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS structured an aluminium plate with a laser process in such a way that water droplets no longer adhere and dirt particles can be removed from the surface - completely without chemical cleaning agents or additional effort. The scientific evidence of the self-cleaning effect has been published in the journal "Applied Surface Science".  

Source:  © Technische Universität Dresden

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:30 AM

Age, participation in organised sports and some temperament traits are significant factors in the development of children’s motor skills

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

A recent study among 3- to 7–year-old children showed that children’s motor skills benefitted if a child was older and participated in organised sports. Additionally, the study provided information about the importance of temperament traits for motor skills. More specifically, traits such as activity and attention span persistence were found to be positively associated with motor skills. This was a rather novel result, as the association between motor skills and temperament during early childhood is not yet widely understood.  

Source:  © University of Jyväskylä - Jyväskylän yliopisto

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:25 AM

Public parks guaranteeing sustainable well-being

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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An international team has demonstrated the fundamental importance of public parks based on nine «protected needs» that are essential for our well-being.

An international team led by the University of Geneva (UNIGE) has ascertained how green spaces contribute to the well-being of city-dwellers in a study that focused on four megalopolises in Asia. The study was based on a list of nine “protected needs” that society has the capacity to meet. It demonstrates that parks fulfil almost all these needs to varying degrees, with three in particular standing out: “living in a pleasant environment”, “developing as a person” and “being part of a community”. The research, which is published in the Journal of Public Space, reveals that everyone has the ability to assess their well-being using this list of essential needs. It also shows that parks play an essential role in the well-being of individuals, regardless of their social class, and that they cannot be replaced by other venues where people meet, such as shopping centres. When these parks are closed – as during the COVID-19 pandemic – it intensifies inequalities in well-being.  

Source:  © Université de Genève

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:14 AM

Information tech played key role in ancient civilization growth

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

When it comes to the great civilizations of human history, the pen really might have been mightier than the sword.
That’s according to a new paper in Nature Communications that shows the ability to store and process information was as critical to the growth of early human societies as it is today.  

Source:  © Washington State University

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 07:05 AM

Age, gender and culture ‘predict loneliness’

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Young people, men and people in “individualistic” societies report higher levels of loneliness, according to a large-scale global study.

The study – based on responses from more than 46,000 participants around the world – is the first published research to come from the BBC Loneliness Experiment.

The ages of participants ranged from 16-99, and the results show a steady decrease in loneliness as people age.

Based on the findings, a young man living in an individualistic society – such as the UK or the US – is more likely to report feeling lonely than an older woman in a collectivist society – such as China or Brazil.  

Source:  © University of Exeter

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:58 AM

Study uncovers clues to COVID-19 in the brain

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

A study by University of Cincinnati researchers and three Italian institutions reviewing neuroimaging and neurological symptoms in patients with COVID-19 may shed light on the virus’s impact on the central nervous system.

The findings, published in the journal Radiology, reveal that altered mental status and stroke are the most common neurological symptoms in COVID-19 patients, which authors say could help physicians notice “red flags” earlier.  

Source:  © University of Cincinnati

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:53 AM

How Do We Disconnect from the Environment During Sleep and Under Anesthesia?

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

In normal sleep states, sounds fail to penetrate brain regions mediating consciousness and memory, and this natural disconnection is caused by low noradrenaline activity, say TAU researchers.
During sleep and under anesthesia, we rarely respond to such external stimuli as sounds even though our brains remain highly active.  

Source:  © American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:45 AM

Yale researchers find where stress lives

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Yale researchers have found a neural home of the feeling of stress people experience, an insight that may help people deal with the debilitating sense of fear and anxiety that stress can evoke.  

Source:  © Yale University

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:36 AM

In chimpanzees, females contribute to the protection of the territory

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Female chimpanzees are also important in helping to win and keep a territory.
In humans, warfare and territoriality seem to be a male "business". Chimpanzees, with whom we share this propensity for out-group hostility and territoriality, are thought to follow the same gender difference. This vision may be too simplistic, as suggested by an international team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. They extensively studied several neighboring groups of western chimpanzees and their findings reveal that females and even the entire group may play a more important role in between-group competition than previously thought. They found that even though adult males seem important in territory increase, territory maintenance and competitive advantage over neighbors act through the entire group in this population of chimpanzees in the Taï National Park.  

Source:  © Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:27 AM

\'Nature’s antifreeze\' provides formula for more durable concrete

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Secrets to cementing the sustainability of our future infrastructure may come from nature, such as proteins that keep plants and animals from freezing in extremely cold conditions. CU Boulder researchers have discovered that a synthetic molecule based on natural antifreeze proteins minimizes freeze-thaw damage and increases the strength and durability of concrete, improving the longevity of new infrastructure and decreasing carbon emissions over its lifetime.  

Source:  © University of Colorado at Boulder

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:21 AM

Surgeons Study Guidelines for Treating Cancer Patients During Pandemic

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic not only affects patients who have the virus, but strikes the entire healthcare system including the care for patients with cancer. Aggressive cancers, such as pancreatic cancer, require the continuation of oncological care during the pandemic. However, pursuing care exposes both healthcare professionals and vulnerable patients to COVID-19.

Today, new research published in Annals of Surgery from the University of Colorado Department of Surgery at the Anschutz Medical Campus provides guidance on clinical decision-making in regards to treating pancreatic cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Source:  © University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:17 AM

Researchers Incorporate Computer Vision, Uncertainty into AI for Robotic Prosthetics

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Researchers have developed new software that can be integrated with existing hardware to enable people using robotic prosthetics or exoskeletons to walk in a safer, more natural manner on different types of terrain. The new framework incorporates computer vision into prosthetic leg control, and includes robust artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that allow the software to better account for uncertainty.  

Source:  © North Carolina State University

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:14 AM

New understanding of RNA movements can be used to treat cancer

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Research from Karolinska Institutet published today in Nature shows that an RNA molecule involved in preventing tumour formation can change its structure and thereby control protein production in the cell. The finding can have important clinical implications as it opens for new strategies to treat different types of cancer.  

Source:  © Karolinska Institutet

Informed on May 29, 2020 at 06:10 AM

A bio-inspired addition to concrete stops the damage caused by freezing and thawing

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Concrete is one of the most durable building materials used in modern-day infrastructures, but it has a weakness -- ice -- which can cause it to crumble. Now, inspired by organisms that survive in sub-zero environments, researchers are introducing polymer molecules with anti-freezing abilities into concrete.  

Source:  © Cell Press

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 08:59 AM

WADA postpones its Global Education Conference to 2021 due to COVID-19

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) announces that, due to COVID-19, the Agency is postponing its 2020 Global Education Conference (GEC), which was scheduled to be held from 13-14 October 2020 in Sydney, Australia -- to 2021 in Sydney. The new dates and specific venue will be communicated as soon as possible.  

Source:  © WADA

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 08:48 AM

Apply for a Unicaf Scholarship and Study for an Accredited Bachelor, Master’s or Doctoral Degree!

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Unicaf offers one of the most generous scholarship programmes available today. With the financial support of Unicaf Scholarships and by utilising the Unicaf state-of-the-art digital learning platform, students in sub-Saharan Africa, and almost anywhere in the world, can have access to internationally recognised higher education.

Unicaf partners with universities in the UK, the US, Europe and Africa to offer online, quality undergraduate and post graduate degrees, to the benefit of thousands of students in Africa and other continents.  

Source:  © Unicaf

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 08:13 AM

Unique insight into the development of the human brain: Researchers produce a model of the early embryonic brain

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Stem cell researchers from the University of Copenhagen have designed a model of an early embryonic brain. The model will increase our understanding of how the human brain develops and can thereby help to accelerate the development of stem cell treatments for brain disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, epilepsy and dementia.

The above image shows the image of a human embryo surrounded by placenta, around 7 weeks of age. Studying brain development of humans at early stages is nearly impossible, and researchers have therefore produced a model to mimic human brain developmet in the lab. Photo credits: Dr Steven O'Connor (Houston, Texas)  

Source:  © University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 08:03 AM

Dementia gene raises risk of severe COVID-19

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Having a faulty gene linked to dementia doubles the risk of developing severe COVID-19, according to a large-scale study.  

Source:  © University of Exeter

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:57 AM

Babies know when you imitate them - and like it

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Six-month old infants recognize when adults imitate them, and perceive imitators as more friendly, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden. The babies looked and smiled longer at an adult who imitated them, as opposed to when the adult responded in other ways. Babies also approached them more, and engaged in imitating games.  

Source:  © Lund University

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:48 AM

Inexpensive retinal diagnostics via smartphone

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Retinal damage due to diabetes is now considered the most common cause of blindness in working-age adults. In low- and middle-income countries, an eye examination via smartphone could help to detect changes at an early stage. This is shown by a new study carried out by scientists from the University of Bonn together with colleagues from Sankara Eye Hospital Bangalore (India).  

Source:  © University of Bonn

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:41 AM

New method reveals where DNA is at risk in the cell

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have developed a new sequencing method that makes it possible to map how DNA is spatially organised in the cell nucleus – revealing which genomic regions are at higher risk of mutation and DNA damage.  

Source:  © Karolinska Institutet

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:37 AM

Evidence shows cloth masks may help against COVID-19

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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The evidence shows that cloth masks, particularly those with several layers of cotton cloth, block droplet and aerosol contamination of the environment, may reduce transmission of COVID-19.  

Source:  © McMaster University

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:31 AM

Researchers call for new approach to some mental disorders

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

Some of the most common mental disorders, including depression, anxiety and PTSD, might not be disorders at all, according to a recent paper by Washington State University biological anthropologists.  

Source:  © Washington State University

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:26 AM

Similar to humans, chimpanzees develop slowly

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Chimpanzees need more than five years to acquire key skills
is slow in many primates, particularly so in humans, as key skills needed for survival and successful reproduction have to be acquired. In one of human’s closest living relatives, the chimpanzee, there is surprisingly little data on developmental processes. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have now systematically investigated developmental milestones in wild chimpanzees of the Taï National Park (Ivory Coast) and found that they also develop slowly, requiring more than five years to reach key motor, communication and social milestones. This timeframe is similar to humans, suggesting slow maturation of the brain.  

Source:  © Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:19 AM

Novel Electric Impulses Relieve the Pain

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

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Stimulating the vagus nerve in the ear can help to relieve chronic pain. TU Wien and MedUni Vienna have developed a novel, sophisticated methods for electric stimulation of the vagus nerve.  

Source:  © Vienna University of Technology

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:10 AM

Nanodevices show how cells change with time, by tracking from the inside

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

For the first time, scientists have introduced minuscule tracking devices directly into the interior of mammalian cells, giving an unprecedented peek into the processes that govern the beginning of development.  

Source:  © University of Bath

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 07:05 AM

Researchers Discover How Protein Can Inhibit Cancer Development in Mice

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have discovered how the protein PP2A can inhibit tumour growth in mice. The protein turns off an enzyme that stimulates cell growth, thus inhibiting the development of cancer.  

Source:  © University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Informed on May 28, 2020 at 06:58 AM

High-strain Exercise Linked to Very Early Pregnancy Loss

Informer : አስኳላ / Askwala

In women with a history of miscarriage, higher levels of physical activity were associated with a greater risk of subclinical, or very early, pregnancy loss, according to new research at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Among women with confirmed pregnancy, physical activity and miscarriage risk were unrelated.  

Source:  © University of Massachusetts Amherst


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