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Inform       Today is Tuesday, July 07, 2020 and day 189 of the year.

5 foods that fight high cholesterol

Informed a week ago

It’s easy to eat your way to an alarmingly high cholesterol level. The reverse is true too — changing what you eat can lower your cholesterol and improve the armada of fats floating through your bloodstream. Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and “good fats” are all part of a heart-healthy diet. But some foods are particularly good at helping bring down cholesterol.

How? Some cholesterol-lowering foods deliver a good dose of soluble fiber, which binds cholesterol and its precursors in the digestive system and drags them out of the body before they get into circulation. Others provide polyunsaturated fats, which directly lower LDL. And those with plant sterols and stanols keep the body from absorbing cholesterol. Here are 5 of those foods:

1. Oats:- An easy way to start lowering cholesterol is to choose oatmeal or a cold oat-based cereal like Cheerios for breakfast. It gives you 1 to 2 grams of soluble fiber. Add a banana or some strawberries for another half-gram.

2. Beans:- Beans are especially rich in soluble fiber. They also take a while for the body to digest, meaning you feel full for longer after a meal. That’s one reason beans are a useful food for folks trying to lose weight. With so many choices — from navy and kidney beans to lentils, garbanzos, black-eyed peas, and beyond — and so many ways to prepare them, beans are a very versatile food.

3. Nuts:- A bushel of studies shows that eating almonds, walnuts, peanuts, and other nuts is good for the heart. Eating 2 ounces of nuts a day can slightly lower LDL, on the order of 5%. Nuts have additional nutrients that protect the heart in other ways.

4. Foods fortified with sterols and stanols:- Sterols and stanols extracted from plants gum up the body’s ability to absorb cholesterol from food. Companies are adding them to foods ranging from margarine and granola bars to orange juice and chocolate. They’re also available as supplements. Getting 2 grams of plant sterols or stanols a day can lower LDL cholesterol by about 10%.

5. Fatty fish:- Eating fish two or three times a week can lower LDL in two ways: by replacing meat, which has LDL-boosting saturated fats, and by delivering LDL-lowering omega-3 fats. Omega-3s reduce triglycerides in the bloodstream and also protect the heart by helping prevent the onset of abnormal heart rhythms.  

Source:  Harvard University

Exercise Is the Immune System Booster You Need Right Now

Informed a week ago

You do have some control over the health of your immune system. Good nutrition may be the first thing that comes to mind when you think of boosting your immunity, but it’s not the only healthy habit that makes a difference. Exercise can be a powerful tool in keeping you safe from illness.  

Source:  WebMD

Habits for a healthy back

Informed a week ago

If you find yourself dealing with back problems on a regular basis, it’s worth making sure that your everyday habits are “back-friendly.”

When done without proper form, routine activities — vacuuming the house, working at your desk, driving, gardening, or even sleeping — can take a toll on your back. Be kind to your back by following these tips:

1. Choose good seating. Your office chair should provide good back support — ideally, with an adjustable backrest, lumbar support, armrests, and wheels). Arrange your workspace so you don’t have to do a lot of twisting to reach for frequently used items.

2. Travel light. Don’t overload briefcases, purses, or backpacks.

3. Drive with your back in mind. Sit back in your seat and, if necessary, use a rolled blanket or towels behind your lower back for lumbar support. Shift your weight occasionally. If you have cruise control, use it when you can. Also consider using a foam seat cushion to absorb some of the vibration. When driving long distances, take frequent breaks to stretch.

4. Sleep in alignment. If you can, sleep on your side with your knees bent and pulled slightly toward your chest. Your pillow should keep your head level with your spine — you don’t want your head propped up too high. Choose a mattress that’s firm enough to support your spine.  

Source:  Harvard University

በኮቪድ 19 ወረርሽኝ ወቅት የህገወጥ ተግባራት በተለያዩ ሀገራት እየጨመረ ይገኛል

Informed a week ago

#የተለያዩ መረጃዎች እንደሚያሳዩት በኮቪድ 19 ወረርሽኝ ወቅት የህገወጥ ተግባራት በተለያዩ ሀገራት እየጨመረ ይገኛል#

#የኢትዮጵያ ምግብና መድሃኒት ባለስልጣን የሰሜን ምስራቅ ቅርንጫፍ ፅ/ቤት ከ ዞንና ወረዳ ተቆጣጣሪዎች ጋር በመሆን ከግንቦት 10 ጀምሮ ከላሊበላ እስከ ምንጃር ሸንኮራ ድረስ በ225 የመድሃኒት ተቋማት ከግንቦት 10 ጀምሮ ድንገተኛ ቁጥጥር ተከናውኗል።

#ህገ ወጥ መድሃኒት የያዙ ፣ ከመንግስት ተቋማት በስርቆት የወጡና ለህብረተሰቡ በነፃ የሚቀርቡ በእርዳታ የመጡ መድሐኒቶች የያዙ ፣ በመድሐኒት ተቋማት ውስጥ መከናወን የሌለባቸው የህክምና አገልግሎት (መርፌ መውጋት፣ ምርመራ ማድረግ፣ ተኝቶ ማከም) ሲሰጡ የተገኙ ተቋማት እንዲታሸጉና የብቃት ማረጋገጫ ፈቃዳቸው እንዲሰረዝ ተደርጓል። በቀጣይ በክልሉና በተዋረድ ባሉ ተቆጣጣሪ አካላት አማካኝነት እነዚህ ተቋማት በህግ እንዲጠየቁ ይደረጋል።

#ህገወጦችን በጋራ እንከላከል!!!  

Coronavirus disease (COVID-2019) situation reports

Informed a week ago

Please find attached the Daily situation report for COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

Medical equipment donation to Djibouti

Informed a week ago

Ethiopia has donated medical equipment to Djibouti to help the east African nation fight against COVID-19 pandemic. Ethiopia’s State Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Redwan Hussein, handed over the equipment to Djibouti’s Minister of Health in a ceremony held at Djibouti Ambouli International Airport. Ambassador Redwan said the donation shows that the two countries stand together not only in good times but also in cases where there is a disease outbreak like the coronavirus. Since the two countries share a common border, they should strengthen their solidarity in the fight against the pandemic and cement their bilateral cooperation in health and other sectors as well, he said. Last week, Ethiopia donated 15 tonnes of medical equipment worth half a million dollar to help Somalia fight against COVID-19 and other diseases.  

Ethiopia is conducting nationwide testing for antibodies

Informed a week ago

The Ethiopian Public Health Institute has announced the start of nationwide testing for antibodies to the coronavirus. According to a statement issued by the institute, the testing which aims to check infection rates and curb the spread of the virus, will last till July 14,2020. The testing will be carried out in all Ethiopia’s regional states as well as in the Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa city administrations, it added.  

Females use anti-inflammatory T cells to keep their blood pressure down

Informed a week ago

In the face of a multipronged front to drive blood pressure up, including a high-salt diet, females are better able to keep their pressure down by increasing levels of a T cell that selectively dials back inflammation, scientists say.  

Source:  Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

10 Superfoods for Diabetes

Informed 2 weeks ago

Here are ten “superfoods” to consider adding into the rotation for your weekly meal plans:  

Source:  WebMD

13 Conditions That Damage Your Lungs

Informed 2 weeks ago

COVID-19 may be the first thing you think of these days, but it's far from the only ailment that can damage your lungs. See how these other common conditions can make it hard for you to breathe.  

Source:  WebMD

10th Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared over

Informed 2 weeks ago

Today marks the end of the 10th outbreak of Ebola virus disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This long, complex and difficult outbreak has been overcome due to the leadership and commitment of the Government of the DRC, supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), a multitude of partners, donors, and above all, the efforts of the communities affected by the virus.  

Source:  world health organization

3 Ways to Ease Pregnancy Constipation

Informed 2 weeks ago

Constipation is one of the most common pregnancy discomforts. Here's how to get some relief.  

Source:  WebMD

Situation Report COVID- 19

Informed 2 weeks ago

Please find attached the Daily situation report for COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

World's Second-worst Ebola Outbreak Formally Ends

Informed 2 weeks ago

The Democratic Republic of the Congo said Thursday that the second-largest outbreak of the Ebola virus in modern times has ended after nearly two years. Public health officials have not confirmed a case of the Ebola virus since April 27, when the last known patient suffering from the disease was discharged from a hospital in the city of Beni.  

Source:  Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security

Hospitalization and Mortality Among Black Patients and White Patients with Covid-19

Informed 2 weeks ago

In a large cohort in Louisiana, 76.9% of the patients who were hospitalized with Covid-19 and 70.6% of those who died were black, whereas blacks comprise only 31% of the Ochsner Health population. Black race was not associated with higher in-hospital mortality than white race, after adjustment for differences in sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on admission.  

Source:  Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at meeting

Informed 2 weeks ago

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at meeting between WHO, France and Germany  

Source:  world health organization

Warning Signs of Serious Skin Problems

Informed 2 weeks ago

Skin inflammation, spots, and other changes may result from infection, a chronic skin condition, or contact with an allergen. Most problems are minor, but others can signal something more serious.

Source:  WebMD

Cancer Drug Might Help Curb Severe COVID-19

Informed 2 weeks ago

Cancer Drug Might Help Curb Severe COVID-19

Source:  WebMD

Foods That Boost Your Immune System

Informed 2 weeks ago

Watermelon is more than a refreshing summer treat. It also has plenty of glutathione, which strengthens your immune system so it can fight infection.  

Source:  WebMD

Can Zinc Help Prevent Coronavirus?

Informed 2 weeks ago

Zinc is important to a healthy immune system. It’s a mineral that’s been touted to help fight colds and upper respiratory infections. Taking zinc within 24 hours of the first signs of a cold can shorten the duration of a cold. It can also help make symptoms less severe. Zinc helps fight infections by boosting the production of antibodies against infections.

Consequently, a deficiency of zinc can increase your risk of infections. In past studies, the WHO reported that zinc deficiency may be responsible for 13% of all lower respiratory tract infections, most often pneumonia and flu, in children younger than 5 years.

Zinc deficiency is common in the elderly, who are most likely to be severely affected by coronavirus. Researchers think that zinc deficiency may be one of the reasons seniors are more susceptible to infections. No doubt that adequate zinc is essential for seniors because of the consequences of even mild zinc deficiency on the immune system.  

Source:  WebMD

Three Promising Treatments For Covid-19: No Cure Yet, But Progress

Informed 2 weeks ago

We still don’t have any treatments for Covid-19, but these three drugs have shown promise in very early studies.  

Source:  Forbes

Flu mutation study suggests universal flu vaccine may be even more challenging than expected

Informed 2 weeks ago

Some common strains of influenza have the potential to mutate to evade broad-acting antibodies that could be elicited by a universal flu vaccine, according to a study led by scientists at Scripps Research. The findings highlight the challenges involved in designing such a vaccine, and should be useful in guiding its development.  

Source:  Scripps Research Institute

12 Drinking Myths You Can Stop Believing

Informed 2 weeks ago

Too many drinks tonight can lead to a very unpleasant tomorrow. And if you believe any of these common myths about hangovers, you might make things worse. We separate fact from fiction.  

Source:  WebMD

Sunlight and Your Health

Informed 2 weeks ago

Did you know sunlight boosts serotonin? That can give you more energy and help keep you calm, positive, and focused.  

Source:  WebMD

Is This Why You're Losing Body Hair?

Informed 2 weeks ago

See how hormones, autoimmune disorders, sexually transmitted infections, and other conditions can lead to hair loss on your body.  

Source:  WebMD

Drop These Cancer-Causing Habits Now

Informed 2 weeks ago

You don't need special products or extreme behaviors to lower your risk of many types of cancer. These simple lifestyle changes can go a long way.  

Source:  WebMD

Corona viruses update

Informed 2 weeks ago

ባለፉት 24 ሰዓት ውስጥ በተደረገው 3775 የላብራቶሪ ምርመራ አንድ መቶ ሰማንያ አምስት (185) ሰዎች የኮሮና ቫይረስ ተገኝቶባቸዋል፡፡ በአጠቃላይ በሀገራችን ቫይረሱ በምርመራ የተገኘባቸው ሰዎች ቁጥር 4848 ደርሷል።

ከጠቅላላው የላብራቶሪ ምርምራ ውስጥ 30 (11 ከጤና ተቋም እና 19 ከማህበረሰብ በተወሰደ ናሙና) ናሙናዎች በአስክሬን ላይ የተደረገ የላብራቶሪ ምርምራ ሲሆን የኮሮና ቫይረስ የኮሮና ቫይረስ የተገኘበት ናሙና የለም።

በሌላ መልኩ በትላንትናው ዕለት አንድ መቶ አስራ አምስት (115) ሰዎች (81 ከአዲስ አበባ፣ 23 ከአማራ ክልል፣ 6 ከኦሮሚያ ክልል፣ 2 ከሐረሪ ክልል፣ 2 ከቤኒሻንጉል ጉሙዝ እና 1 ትግራይ ክልል) ያገገሙ ሲሆን በአጠቃላይ በሀገራችን ከበሽታው ያገገሙ ሰዎች ቁጥር 1412 ነው።  

Source:  Ministry of health-Ethiopia

Natural Cures that Really Work

Informed 2 weeks ago

1. Taking vitamin C doesn’t help reduce the number of colds you get, but taking it every day may help reduce the length of a cold

2. Rollback 10 years off your heart’s “odometer” simply by eating fewer calories

3. Lack of one key vitamin seems to play an important role in psoriasis

4. Simple home remedy for snoring: Change your sleep position! Sleeping on your back makes it worse; sleeping on your stomach makes it stop

5. Dry eyes? Drink a cup of coffee! New research shows that people who consume caffeine produce more tears than people who don’t  

Source:  Harvard University

Situation Report COVID-19

Informed 2 weeks ago

Please find the link for June 22 COVID-19 situation report here:  

Source:  world health organization

Countries failing to prevent violence against children, agencies warn

Informed 2 weeks ago

Half of the world’s children, or approximately 1 billion children each year are affected by physical, sexual or psychological violence, suffering injuries, disabilities and death, because countries have failed to follow established strategies to protect them.  

Source:  world health organization

Can people wear a mask while exercising?

Informed 2 weeks ago

People should not wear a mask when exercising as masks may reduce the ability to breathe comfortably. Sweat can make the mask become wet more quickly which makes it more difficult to breathe and promotes the growth or microorganisms.  

Source:  world health organization

Promising treatment for critically ill COVID-19 patients

Informed 2 weeks ago

WHO welcomes the initial clinical trial results from the United Kingdom that show dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, can be lifesaving for patients who are critically ill with COVID-19.  

Source:  world health organization

Mr Bean's essential COVID-19 checklist

Informed 2 weeks ago

With cases of COVID-19 continuing to rise globally, WHO and Mr Bean remind you about the importance of washing hands, physical distancing and demonstrating kindness to your neighbours.  

Source:  world health organization

Real-world effect of antidepressants for depressive disorder in primary care

Informed Saturday, June 20, 2020 at 04:53:22 AM

Real-world effect of antidepressants for depressive disorder in primary care: protocol of a population-based cohort study  

Source:  BMJ journals

Black Americans And Covid-19

Informed Friday, June 19, 2020 at 06:06:17 AM

We know now that Black Americans are suffering from a disproportionate amount of Covid-19 cases, but why? It’s not just genetics; patterns of systemic racism including lack of access to good medical care, food, financial resources, and more all contribute to this problem.  

Source:  Forbes

5 surprising benefits of walking

Informed Friday, June 19, 2020 at 05:55:32 AM

1. It counteracts the effects of weight-promoting genes. Harvard researchers looked at 32 obesity-promoting genes in over 12,000 people to determine how much these genes actually contribute to body weight. They then discovered that, among the study participants who walked briskly for about an hour a day, the effects of those genes were cut in half.

2. It helps tame a sweet tooth. A pair of studies from the University of Exeter found that a 15-minute walk can curb cravings for chocolate and even reduce the amount of chocolate you eat in stressful situations. And the latest research confirms that walking can reduce cravings and intake of a variety of sugary snacks.

3. It reduces the risk of developing breast cancer. Researchers already know that any kind of physical activity blunts the risk of breast cancer. But an American Cancer Society study that zeroed in on walking found that women who walked seven or more hours a week had a 14% lower risk of breast cancer than those who walked three hours or fewer per week. And walking provided this protection even for the women with breast cancer risk factors, such as being overweight or using supplemental hormones.

4. It eases joint pain. Several studies have found that walking reduces arthritis-related pain, and that walking five to six miles a week can even prevent arthritis from forming in the first place. Walking protects the joints — especially the knees and hips, which are most susceptible to osteoarthritis — by lubricating them and strengthening the muscles that support them.

5. It boosts immune function. Walking can help protect you during cold and flu season. A study of over 1,000 men and women found that those who walked at least 20 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week, had 43% fewer sick days than those who exercised once a week or less. And if they did get sick, it was for a shorter duration, and their symptoms were milder.  

Source:  Harvard University

WHO welcomes preliminary results about dexamethasone use in treating critically ill COVID-19 patients

Informed Wednesday, June 17, 2020 at 12:37:38 PM

The World Health Organization (WHO) welcomes the initial clinical trial results from the United Kingdom (UK) that show dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, can be lifesaving for patients who are critically ill with COVID-19. For patients on ventilators, the treatment was shown to reduce mortality by about one third, and for patients requiring only oxygen, mortality was cut by about one fifth, according to preliminary findings shared with WHO.  

Source:  world health organization

Tuberculosis spread from animals to humans greater than previously thought

Informed Wednesday, June 17, 2020 at 10:16:54 AM

The number of human tuberculosis (TB) cases that are due to transmission from animals, as opposed to human-to-human transmission, may be much higher than previously estimated, according to an international team of researchers. The results could have implications for epidemiological studies and public health interventions.

“Tuberculosis kills 1.4 million people every year, making it the most deadly disease arising from a single infectious agent,” “India has the largest burden of human tuberculosis globally, with more than 2.6 million cases and 400,000 deaths reported in 2019. Additionally, the cattle population in India exceeds 300 million, and nearly 22 million of these were estimated to be infected with TB in 2017."  

Source:  Penn State

Opening remarks by WHO Director-General

Informed Tuesday, June 16, 2020 at 08:36:14 AM

Please find the link to opening remarks by WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at today's virtual press conference, as well as audio files of the entire VPC.  

Source:  world health organization

HIV may hide out in brain cells, ready to infect other organs

Informed Monday, June 15, 2020 at 10:20:38 AM

The HIV virus can take refuge in the brain even when treated with antiretroviral therapies, only to later infect other organs in the body if that treatment is stopped, a new study in mice and human tissue suggests.  

Source:  Livescience

Situation Report COVID-19

Informed Monday, June 15, 2020 at 10:02:12 AM

Please find below the link to today's Daily situation report for COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

COVID-19 may trigger new diabetes, experts warn

Informed Monday, June 15, 2020 at 07:22:07 AM

Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 may actually trigger the onset of diabetes in healthy people and also cause severe complications of pre-existing diabetes.  

Source:  King's College London

How the face ages

Informed Sunday, June 14, 2020 at 10:58:24 AM

Dozens of changes take place as the years add up, some of them obvious and familiar:

1. Foreheads expand as hairlines retreat
2. Ears often get a bit longer because the cartilage in them grows
3. Tips of noses may droop because connective tissue supporting nasal cartilage weakens.

There are also structural rearrangements going on behind the scenes. When we're young, fat in the face is evenly distributed, with some pockets here and there that plump up the forehead, temples, cheeks, and areas around the eyes and mouth. With age, that fat loses volume, clumps up, and shifts downward, so features that were formerly round may sink, and skin that was smooth and tight gets loose and sags. Meanwhile other parts of the face gain fat, particularly the lower half, so we tend to get baggy around the chin and jowly in the neck.

And, of course, there are the wrinkles. Those deep ones in the forehead and between the eyebrows are called expression, or animation, lines. They're the result of facial muscles continually tugging on, and eventually creasing, the skin. Other folds may get deeper because of the way fat decreases and moves around. Finer wrinkles are due to sun damage, smoking, and natural degeneration of elements of the skin that keep it thick and supple.  

Source:  Harvard University


Informed Saturday, June 13, 2020 at 10:31:40 AM

Please find the link to opening remarks by WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at today's virtual press conference  

Source:  world health organization

Resources for your mental well-being

Informed Saturday, June 13, 2020 at 09:31:12 AM

This page provides resources to help you keep mentally healthy and to reduce stress. In cases of mental distress, the first step is to talk to someone you trust. If you feel you need it, seek help from a professional.  

Source:  world health organization

Can shoes spread the COVID-19 virus?

Informed Saturday, June 13, 2020 at 09:25:18 AM

Can shoes spread the COVID-19 virus? Can medical masks cause CO2 intoxication or oxygen deficiency? Is COVID-19 caused by virus or bacteria? Find out!  

Source:  world health organization

COVID-19 - can people with no symptoms spread the disease?

Informed Saturday, June 13, 2020 at 09:21:27 AM

5 things to know about COVID-19 transmission.
is mainly spread through respiratory droplets when someone coughs, sneezes or speaks. It is possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has mild symptoms or doesn’t feel ill. It is not yet known how often this happens.  

Source:  world health organization

How to prevent cognitive decline and reduce the risk of dementia

Informed Friday, June 12, 2020 at 10:00:45 AM

Studies have shown that you can help prevent cognitive decline and reduce the risk of dementia with some basic good health habits:

1. staying physically active
2. getting enough sleep
3. not smoking
4. having good social connections
5. limiting alcohol to no more than one drink a day
6. eating a Mediterranean style diet.  

Source:  Harvard University

Potential Effects of Coronaviruses on the Cardiovascular System

Informed Thursday, June 11, 2020 at 09:26:46 AM

Potential Effects of Coronaviruses on the Cardiovascular System  

Source:  JAMA Network

Are You Aware of these Important Advances in Women’s Health?

Informed Tuesday, June 09, 2020 at 10:36:06 AM

Are You Aware of these Important Advances in Women’s Health?

Calcium supplements may make some women as much as 7 times more likely to develop dementia (cognitive and intellectual deterioration or decline)
2. The diabetes symptoms — and complications — that are more common in women than men
3. Your mammogram ( breast X-ray: the procedure of taking an X-ray of all or part of the breast) could reveal early signs of heart disease — what you need ask your doctor to find out
4. You can rejuvenate (make someone look or feel younger, fresher) your skin and look as young as you feel — no surgery needed!
5. Processed foods and saturated fats actually change your body chemistry and cause disease.
6. Too much sugar may lead to anxiety symptoms
7. Belly (excess abdominal fat surrounding the organs in your stomach) fat may be more dangerous for women than men
8. Belly fat could nearly triple your risk for Alzheimer’s disease!
9. Lower your risk of breast cancer up to 62% with a little extra olive oil
10. Exercise actually behaves like medicine to improve thinking skills and brain health.  

Source:  Harvard University

Question & Answer: Masks and COVID-19

Informed Tuesday, June 09, 2020 at 09:26:21 AM

Please find the links to recent WHO Question & Answer: Masks and COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

Tap into the amazing healing power of yoga

Informed Monday, June 08, 2020 at 09:36 AM

Did you know yoga can do more than just strengthen and tone your body? Recent research shows it can have a powerful effect on your health—making it a perfect remedy for everything from heart disease to high blood pressure to anxiety and depression.

For years, yoga was considered a fringe practice embraced mostly by celebrities and "New Agers." But today yoga studios are cropping up all over the country, and millions of people are giving it a try.

You may already be familiar with some yoga moves such as downward dog and mountain pose, but yoga is more than that. It's a total mind-body workout that includes: postures (like tree pose), breathing practices, deep relaxation, and meditation that helps transform your health in dozens of ways.

One study showed how yoga increased the flexibility of blood vessels by 69%, and even helped to shrink blockages in arteries without the use of medications!

Plus, the meditation component of yoga may even help to delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease and fight age-related declines in memory.

Source:  Harvard University

Digital distractions

Informed Jun 07, 2020 at 10:34 AM

Love it or hate it, we live in the digital age and there's no going back. But today's tsunami of digital distractions can pose challenges to the neural networks that regulate attention.

In many ways, our ever-present smartphones inhibit the ability to remain focused on a task. The most obvious distractions are the alerts that come from the phone itself. Simply hearing the sound or feeling the vibration provides enough distraction to interfere with a task, even if you don't take time to view the message. Once you've engaged with the phone, such as to answer a call, it's easy to let your attention drift to other phone-related activities, such as answering email. Icons, bright colors, and catchy tunes heighten the attraction of these apps and enhance their ability to draw focus away from other tasks.

The pull is even stronger for activities we do for pleasure, such as engaging with social media or playing a game. Research has shown that social media cues, such as "likes" on one of our posts or pictures of our friends laughing, trigger a surge in dopamine, the neurotransmitter associated with pleasure and reward, which may diminish the motivation to pay attention to anything else.

According to a 2018 survey by the technology company Asurion, Americans check their mobile phones an average of 80 times a day; the highest users surveyed topped 300 daily checks. But each time we interrupt something we were doing to check our phones, we break our concentration and have to start over.

In addition to the distraction factor inherent in media use, exposure to blue light emitted by phone, tablet, and computer screens can produce insomnia. A 2017 study published in the journal Chronobiology International, involving young adults in their 20s, showed that blue-light exposure before bed cut down sleep time by roughly 16 minutes. Blue-light exposure also reduced the body's production of melatonin, a hormone that is connected with normal sleep cycles.  

Source:  Harvard University

Interventional Radiologists Modify Protocol for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic

Informed Jun 05, 2020 at 07:39 AM

Interventional Radiologists Modify Protocol for Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic  

Source:  American Roentgen Ray Society

Situation Report COVID-19

Informed Jun 04, 2020 at 09:28 AM

Please follow this link to the Daily situation report for COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

Study Seeks to Optimize Comfort for Patients Removed from Ventilators at End of Life

Informed Jun 03, 2020 at 07:59 AM

A paper recently published online in the journal Chest reports on a study of the palliative ventilator withdrawal (PVW) procedure performed in intensive care units (ICU) at end of life. The study’s goal was to determine the level of distress patients experience and identify treatments that could bring relief. Findings show that up to one-third of PVW patients experience an episode of rapid breathing called tachypnea as a marker of distress, and administration of opiates before PVW could help with symptom control. Corey Fehnel, M.D., M.P.H., a palliative care researcher in the Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife, and Assistant Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School, is lead author on the paper.  

Source:  Hebrew SeniorLife Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research

Contextualizing Potential Risks of Medications in Pregnancy for the Newborn

Informed Jun 02, 2020 at 10:17 AM

Medication use in pregnancy is common: 50% to 80% of pregnant women in the US use prescription medications. However, because pregnant women are generally excluded from clinical trials of new medications, little is known about their safety during pregnancy at the time of approval. During the postmarketing period, as pregnant women start using the medication, signals of potential safety risks may emerge.  

Source:  JAMA Network

Expensive Insulin—The Epicenter of a Large, Life-Threatening Problem

Informed Jun 02, 2020 at 09:27 AM

For millions of people with diabetes, including those with type 1 diabetes, access to insulin can be a matter of life and death. Shortly after discovering insulin in 1921, Banting, Best, and Collip sold the original patent to the University of Toronto (in Canada) for just $1, with the intention of giving affordable access to this life-saving drug to all individuals who needed it.1 In the 1980s, the development of recombinant DNA technology allowed drug manufacturers to inexpensively produce a seemingly unlimited supply of biosynthetic insulin using the cellular machinery of bacteria and yeast.2 Today, although a vial of insulin is estimated to cost no more than US $3 to $6 to produce,3 its skyrocketing price has threatened access to the drug. A vial of Humalog (insulin lispro), which cost $21 in 1996, now costs $250 to $400.4 Insulin pricing exemplifies the problem with a health care system that allows charging an exorbitant amount of money for life-saving medications.  

Source:  JAMA Network

Situation Report COVID-19

Informed Jun 01, 2020 at 07:54 AM

Please find the link for the daily situation report for COVID-19 here:  

Source:  world health organization

Hydroxychloroquine and COVID-19

Informed May 27, 2020 at 07:37 AM

Q&A : Hydroxychloroquine and COVID-19  

Source:  world health organization

Sleep Interventions

Informed May 27, 2020 at 04:34 AM

This chapter will review the common sleep problems experienced by children with chronic pain. You will learn about normal sleep needs in children, how to promote good sleep habits, and strategies to treat specific sleep problems, such as bedtime resistance and insomnia.  

Source:  Oxford University

Countries failing to stop harmful marketing of breast-milk substitutes, warn WHO and UNICEF

Informed May 27, 2020 at 04:14 AM

A new report by WHO, UNICEF, and the International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) reveals that despite efforts to stop the harmful promotion of breast-milk substitutes, countries are still falling short in protecting parents from misleading information.  

Source:  world health organization

2 ways to protect your heart: Improve sleep and manage stress

Informed May 26, 2020 at 08:18 AM

Check your stress (and negative thoughts) at the door

growing body of evidence suggests that psychological factors are — literally — heartfelt, and can contribute to cardiac risk. Stress from all sorts of challenging situations and events plays a significant role in cardiovascular symptoms and outcome, particularly heart attack risk. The same is true for depression, anxiety, anger, hostility, and social isolation. Acting alone, each of these factors heightens your chances of developing heart problems. But these issues often occur together, for example, psychological stress often leads to anxiety, depression can lead to social isolation, and so on.

Does reducing stress, or changing how you respond to it, actually reduce your chances of developing heart disease or having a heart attack? The answer isn’t entirely clear, but many studies suggest the answer is “yes.” There is much to learn about exactly how. Research indicates that constant stress contributes biologically to heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure and the formation of artery-clogging deposits. Other research finds that chronic stress may make it harder to sleep, eat well, quit smoking, and exercise.

Fortunately, you can learn healthier ways to respond to stress that may help your heart and improve your quality of life. These include relaxation exercises (deep breathing, guided imagery), physical activity (walking, yoga), and staying connected with friends, co-workers, family members.  

Source:  Harvard University

2 ways to protect your heart: Improve sleep and manage stress

Informed May 26, 2020 at 08:02 AM


sleep-related problems that plague many people sleep deprivation and sleep apnea — have been linked to a higher risk of heart disease.
Sleep deprivation. Over time, inadequate or poor quality sleep can increase the risk for a number of chronic health problems, including heart disease. Studies have linked short-term sleep deprivation with several well-known contributors to heart disease, including high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and high blood pressure.

Sleep apnea. This common cause of loud, disruptive snoring makes people temporarily stop breathing many times during the night. Up to 83% of people with heart disease also have sleep apnea, according to some estimates.

In the most common form, obstructive sleep apnea, soft tissue in the upper part of the mouth or back of the throat completely blocks the airway. Oxygen levels dip and the brain sends an urgent “Breathe now!” signal. That signal briefly wakes the sleeper and makes him or her gasp for air. That signal also jolts the same stress hormone and nerve pathways that are stimulated when you are angry or frightened. As a result, the heart beats faster and blood pressure rises—along with other things that can threaten heart health such as inflammation and an increase in blood clotting ability.

If you snore often and loudly — especially if you find yourself tired during the day — talk with your doctor about an evaluation for sleep apnea.  

Source:  Harvard University

በኢትዮጵያ ተጨማሪ 73 ሰዎች የኮሮናቫይረስ ተገኘባቸው

Informed May 25, 2020 at 03:05 PM

ባለፉት 24 ሰዓት ውስጥ በተደረገው 2844 የላብራቶሪ ምርመራ 73 ሰዎች የኮሮናቫይረስ ተገኝቶባቸዋል፡፡ በአጠቃላይ በሀገራችን ቫይረሱ በምርመራ የተገኘባቸው ሰዎች ቁጥር 655 መድረሱን የጤና ሚኒስቴር አስታውቋል፡፡

ሰባት ተጨማሪ ሰዎች ከበሽታው ያገገሙ ሲሆን፣ በአጠቃላይ በአገሪቱ ከበሽታው ያገገሙ ሰዎች ቁጥር 159 ደርሷል፡፡ አንድ ሰው ደግሞ በፅኑ ሕሙማን ክፍል መግባቱም ተገልጿል።

ቫይረሱ በምርመራ የተገኘባቸው ሰዎች 49 ወንድ እና 24 ሴት ናቸው። በዜግነት 67ቱ ኢትዮጵያውያን ሲሆኑ ቀሪዎቹ የተለያዩ 6 አገራት ዜጎች ናቸው። ከ 6 እስከ 75 ዓመት የዕድሜ ክልል ውስጥ የሚገኙ ናቸው።

ቫይረሱ በምርመራ የተገኘባቸው 56 ሰዎች ከአዲስ አበባ (13 ሰዎች በበሽታው ከተያዘ ሰው ጋር ግንኙነት ያላቸው ሲሆን 12 የውጭ አገር የጉዞ ታሪክ ያላቸው 31ዱ ሰዎች ደግሞ የውጭ ሀገር የጉዞ ታሪክም ሆነ በበሽታው ከተያዘ ሰው ጋር ግንኙነት የሌላቸው ናቸው)፤ 4 ሰዎች ከትግራይ ክልል (4ቱም የውጭ አገር የጉዞ ታሪክ ያላቸው)፣ 2 ሰው ከአማራ ክልል (በበሽታው ከተያዘ ሰው ጋር ግንኙነት ያላቸው)፣ 8 ሰዎች ከሶማሌ ክልል (የውጭ ሀገር ጉዞ ታሪክ ያላቸው) እንዲሁም 3 ሰዎች የድንበር ተሻጋሪ አሽከርካሪዎች ናቸው።

እስካሁን በአገሪቱ ውስጥ ለ83 ሺህ 854 ሰዎች የኮሮናቫይረስ ምርመራ ተደርጓል።  

Hydroxychloroquine reduces the risk of covid-19 in patients with rheumatic diseases: myth or reality?

Informed May 25, 2020 at 06:59 AM

We read with great interest the article by Figueroa-Parra et al illustrating whether patients with rheumatic diseases are at higher risk of the coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).1 In this study, the authors mentioned the potential benefit of antimalarial drugs for patients with rheumatic diseases in the context of covid-19 pandemic. At present, that is the really pivotal question, whether the antimalarial drugs could reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases.  

Source:  BMJ

More than 80 million children under one at risk of diseases such as diphtheria, measles and polio

Informed May 23, 2020 at 05:13 AM

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COVID 19 is disrupting life-saving immunization services around the world, putting millions of children – in rich and poor countries alike – at risk of diseases like diphtheria, measles and polio. This stark warning comes from the World Health Organization, UNICEF and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.  

Source:  world health organization

Gut health and anxiety

Informed May 23, 2020 at 04:20 AM

Given how closely the gut and brain interact, it becomes easier to understand why you might feel nauseated before giving a presentation, or feel intestinal pain during times of stress. That doesn't mean, however, that functional gastrointestinal conditions are imagined or "all in your head." Psychology combines with physical factors to cause pain and other bowel symptoms. Psychosocial factors influence the actual physiology of the gut, as well as symptoms. In other words, stress (or depression or other psychological factors) can affect movement and contractions of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.

In addition, many people with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders perceive pain more acutely than other people do because their brains are more responsive to pain signals from the GI tract. Stress can make the existing pain seem even worse.

Based on these observations, you might expect that at least some patients with functional GI conditions might improve with therapy to reduce stress or treat anxiety or depression. Multiple studies have found that psychologically based approaches lead to greater improvement in digestive symptoms compared with only conventional medical treatment.  

Source:  Harvard University

Pay attention to your gut-brain connection – it may contribute to your anxiety and digestion problems

Informed May 23, 2020 at 04:12 AM

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The gut-brain connection is no joke; it can link anxiety to stomach problems and vice versa. Have you ever had a "gut-wrenching" experience? Do certain situations make you "feel nauseous"? Have you ever felt "butterflies" in your stomach? We use these expressions for a reason. The gastrointestinal tract is sensitive to emotion. Anger, anxiety, sadness, elation — all of these feelings (and others) can trigger symptoms in the gut.
The brain has a direct effect on the stomach and intestines. For example, the very thought of eating can release the stomach's juices before food gets there. This connection goes both ways. A troubled intestine can send signals to the brain, just as a troubled brain can send signals to the gut. Therefore, a person's stomach or intestinal distress can be the cause or the product of anxiety, stress, or depression. That's because the brain and the gastrointestinal (GI) system are intimately connected.

This is especially true in cases where a person experiences gastrointestinal upset with no obvious physical cause. For such functional GI disorders, it is difficult to try to heal a distressed gut without considering the role of stress and emotion.  

Source:  Harvard University

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 20 May 2020

Informed May 21, 2020 at 06:50 AM

Please see below the link to the opening remarks by WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus at COVID-19 press briefing on 20 May 2020:  

Source:  world health organization

How to Improve the Pneumococcus Vaccine

Informed May 21, 2020 at 05:56 AM

Vaccines that protect people from infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae, which kills up to 1 million children ever year worldwide, train the immune system to recognize the pathogen’s thick sugar capsule. Pneumococcus capsules are not only the active ingredient in vaccines; they’re also key to the pathogen’s virulence. But different strains have different capsules, which means vaccine researchers need to identify all capsule types.  

Source:  American Society for Microbiology

Tumor Evolution: Finding the mutations that drive resistance

Informed May 19, 2020 at 03:27 AM

Despite being a major cause of death, cancer is still far from being fully understood. Most cancer treatments target mutations that happen during the very early stages of the disease, as these genetic variants will be present in the majority of tumor cells..  

Source:  eLife

Exercise to prevent and relieve back pain

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:29 PM

1. Building muscles

and strengthening both your back and abdominal muscles is important not only for treating low back pain, but to help prevent it as well. Strong abdominal muscles, for example, help maintain healthy posture and minimize back strain. In addition, the muscles of the upper legs should be flexible and strong to help support the muscles that support the back.

2. Stretching

Stretching is important for anyone who struggles with back problems. Supple, well-stretched muscles are less prone to injury. Shorter, less flexible muscles and connective tissues restrict joint mobility, which increases the likelihood of sprains and strains. Stretch regularly but gently, without bouncing, as that can cause tissue injury. Beginners should start by holding each stretch for a short time and gradually build up to holding each stretch for roughly 30 seconds.  

Source:  Harvard University

3 diet changes to help lower cholesterol levels

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:20 PM

If you have high cholesterol (a total cholesterol level of 240 milligrams per deciliter of blood or above), taking steps to lower it can greatly reduce your chances of having a heart attack. For every 10% drop in your cholesterol level, your heart attack risk falls by 20% to 30%.

There are several steps you can take to lower your cholesterol level, like losing weight if needed, being more active, and choosing healthy foods. Here are three simple steps toward a healthier, cholesterol-lowering diet:

1. Choose healthy fats. Avoid saturated fats, which increase unhealthy LDL (Bad Cholesterol) levels, and steer clear of trans fats, which both raise LDL and lower protective HDL ((Bad Cholesterol Level). Instead, substitute healthier unsaturated fats found in fish, nuts, and vegetable oils.

2. Go with whole grains. Whole-grain breads, pastas, and cereals help prevent a blood sugar roller coaster and make you feel full longer. Many of these foods contain fiber, which can help lower LDL (Bad Cholesterol) levels.

3. Make other healthy choices. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Ideally, substitute these for processed foods and sweets. Choose fat-free milk instead of whole milk. Opt for low-fat yogurt and pick brands that are not loaded with sugar.

If lifestyle changes don't get your cholesterol to a healthy level, ask your doctor if a cholesterol-lowering drug makes sense for you.  

Source:  Harvard University

Five tips for avoiding diabetes complications, Tip 1

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:13 PM

Tip 1. Keep blood sugar levels as close to normal as safely possible.

High blood sugar levels harm health in many ways — and the higher the blood glucose levels over time, the greater the risk of developing complications. Long-term complications from diabetes fall into three categories:

Microvascular disease affects the small blood vessels of the body (such as those in the eyes and kidneys).

Nerve damage (neuropathy) often affects the feet. It may also impair the automatic function of various organ systems, including the intestines, bladder, and heart, resulting in altered digestion, incontinence, arrhythmias, and sexual dysfunction.

Macrovascular disease affects the body’s larger blood vessels, leading to heart disease, stroke, and blockages in leg arteries.

Keeping your blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible helps prevent microvascular disease and nerve damage. If your HbA1c level is 7% or higher, your therapy should be adjusted.  

Source:  Harvard University

Five tips for avoiding diabetes complications, Tip 2

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:11 PM

Tip 2: Keep blood pressure under a maximum of 140/90 mm Hg.

Ideally, blood pressure should be under 130/80. Keeping blood pressure tightly controlled can reduce the rate of progression of kidney damage. Losing weight and reducing salt intake can help keep blood pressure at healthy levels. If medications are needed, most doctors prescribe ACE inhibitors or angiotensin-receptor blockers to control high blood pressure in people with diabetes. These drugs retard the progression of kidney disease and may be used to treat microalbuminuria even when blood pressure is normal. Two or more types of blood pressure medications are often required to keep blood pressure within an acceptable range.  

Source:  Harvard University

Five tips for avoiding diabetes complications, Tip 3

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:10 PM

Tip 3: Aim to keep your cholesterol at healthy levels.

(unhealthy) cholesterol levels should be under 100 mg/dL. HDL (healthy) cholesterol should be over 40 mg/dL if you are a man or over 50 mg/dL if you are a woman. Triglyceride levels should be below 150 mg/dL.

Heart disease can be prevented and treated. That’s why early detection of high cholesterol, high triglycerides, and hypertension is so vital. A fasting blood test can measure levels of LDL, HDL, and total cholesterol, as well as triglyceride levels. Because hypertension usually has no symptoms, it’s important to have your blood pressure checked regularly.

If you have any chest pain or pressure, trouble breathing, or lightheadedness, you should be examined for heart disease. Don’t delay seeking treatment. Because nerve damage can blunt or change the usual symptoms of angina, people with diabetes must also watch for jaw or arm discomfort during or after physical activity, dizziness, or shortness of breath after minimal exercise.  

Source:  Harvard University

Five tips for avoiding diabetes complications, Tip 4

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:08 PM

Tip 4: Practice good foot care.

and autonomic neuropathy are common diabetes complications. Diminished blood flow from the blockage of the arteries feeding the foot can impair pain sensation and impede the body’s infection fighters. People with these conditions must carefully check their feet and toes every day for a possible injury. Here are some basic steps to help take care of your feet:

1. Know your feet. Take a good look every day to see if you’ve cut or bruised your feet without realizing it. Pay attention to any growths or discoloration. If your foot swells or changes in color, for example, it could be a sign of a fractured bone or poor circulation.

2. Practice good foot hygiene. Wash your feet every day. Dry them thoroughly, especially between the toes. Moisturize any dry skin (but not between your toes), or dust with foot powder to keep your feet dry. Cut the nails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails, which can lead to infection. However, be careful when wielding the scissors: if you’ve lost sensation in your feet, or if your nails have hardened, consider having your nails trimmed professionally.

3. Protect your feet. Wear shoes with ample cushioning and socks that protect against friction. Make sure your shoes fit by having your foot measured every time you buy a new pair. Avoid high heels or shoes with pointy toes. If you must wear such shoes for dressy occasions, try to limit the amount of time they are on your feet.

4. Lose weight if you’re overweight. Every extra pound increases the pressure on your feet.

5. Exercise regularly. Exercise, such as walking, improves circulation.

6. Don’t smoke and drink in moderation. Smoking impairs circulation. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol, which can impair nerves already at risk because of diabetes. Government health agencies and the American Medical Association define moderate drinking as no more than two standard drinks per day for men under age 65 and one drink per day for women. (A drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of hard liquor.)

7. Learn when to seek help. If you have diabetes, you’re also more prone to complications. If you develop any of the foot problems, it’s vital that you see a doctor. Don’t try to treat yourself at home.

8. Apply for Medicare-funded shoes. Medicare covers the cost of therapeutic shoes and inserts for people with diabetes, in an effort to reduce foot and leg amputations. Medicare covers 80% of the approved cost for durable equipment (which can include shoes as well as insulin pumps and other therapeutic devices), after you have met the annual deductible. Ask your doctor about the Medicare program, because the shoes must be ordered through a physician or podiatrist. Or call the Medicare Helpline at 800-633-4227 (toll-free) for more information.  

Source:  Harvard University

Five tips for avoiding diabetes complications, Tip 5

Informed May 17, 2020 at 12:04 PM

5. Schedule regular visits with your doctor to assess your overall health.

Your regular medical visits should consist of checking for the presence of any diabetes complications as well as ways to reduce your risk of complications. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, you should see your health care team at least twice a year to find and treat and problems early. Here are some important appointments you should make:

1. Primary care/endocrinologist — every 3 to 6 months for an exam that should include checking your blood pressure, weight, and feet
2. Dentist — every 6 months or more frequently, if necessary
3. Optometrist/Ophthalmologist — dilated eye exam annually or bi-annually if the exam shows no problems developing
4. Podiatrist — annually for a comprehensive exam that includes checking for calluses, infections, sores, and loss of feeling

Also remember to have your A1C tested at least twice a year, get a urine and blood test to check for kidney problems, and get a flu shot as well as pneumonia shot.  

Source:  Harvard University

Coping with frequent nighttime urination

Informed May 17, 2020 at 11:58 AM

Nocturia the need to get up frequently to urinate during the night — is a common cause of sleep loss, especially among older adults. It affects nearly two-thirds of adults ages 55 to 84 at least a few nights per week.

A mild case causes a person to wake up at least twice during the night; in severe cases, a person may get up as many as five or six times. Not surprisingly, this can lead to significant sleep deprivation and daytime fatigue.

Nocturia becomes more common with age. As we get older, our bodies produce less of an antidiuretic hormone that enables us to retain fluid. With lower concentrations of this hormone, we produce more urine at night. Also, the bladder tends to lose holding capacity as we age, and older people are more likely to suffer from medical problems that affect the bladder.

Nocturia has numerous possible other causes, including disorders such as heart failure and diabetes, other medical conditions (urinary tract infection, enlarged prostate, liver failure, multiple sclerosis, sleep apnea) and medications (especially diuretics). Some cases are caused or exacerbated by excessive fluid intake after dinner, especially drinks containing alcohol or caffeine.

Therapies for nocturia fall into three categories: treatments to correct medical causes, behavioral interventions, and medication. The first step is to try to identify the cause and correct it. If this is unsuccessful, try behavioral approaches such as cutting down on how much you drink in the two hours before bedtime, especially caffeine and alcohol. If the nocturia persists, your doctor may prescribe one of a growing number of medications approved to treat an overactive bladder. The most commonly used is desmopressin (DDAVP, Stimate), which mimics some of the action of the antidiuretic hormone. If the problem stems from increased contractions of the bladder, relaxant agents such as tolterodine (Detrol) and oxybutynin (Ditropan) can be effective.  

Source:  Harvard University

SARS lessons for COVID-19 vaccine design

Informed May 17, 2020 at 11:41 AM

Important lessons learned from the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak of 2002-2003 could inform and guide vaccine design for COVID-19 according to University of Melbourne Professor Kanta Subbarao, Director of the WHO Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza at the Doherty Institute.  

Source:  University of Melbourne

Heart Attacks, Heart Failure, Stroke: COVID-19’s Cardiovascular Complications

Informed May 17, 2020 at 11:18 AM

COVID-19 can cause serious cardiovascular complications including heart failure, heart attacks and blood clots that can lead to strokes, emergency medicine doctors report in a new scientific paper. They also caution that COVID-19 treatments can interact with medicines used to manage patients’ existing cardiovascular conditions.  

Source:  University of Virginia

‘Cell pores’ discovery gives hope to millions of brain and spinal cord injury patients

Informed May 16, 2020 at 06:46 AM

Scientists have discovered a new treatment to dramatically reduce swelling after brain and spinal cord injuries, offering hope to 75 million victims worldwide each year.  

Source:  Aston University

MU Health Care Neurologist Publishes Guidance Related to COVID-19 and Stroke Care

Informed May 16, 2020 at 06:29 AM

An MU Health Care neurologist has published more than 40 new recommendations for evaluating and treating stroke patients based on international research examining the link between stroke and novel coronavirus (COVID-19).  

Source:  University of Missouri-Columbia

Excess coffee consumption a culprit for poor health

Informed May 15, 2020 at 06:24 AM

Cappuccino, latte or short black, coffee is one of the most commonly consumed drinks in the world. But whether it’s good or bad for your health can be clarified by genetics, as a world-first study from the University of South Australia’s Australian Centre for Precision Health shows that excess coffee consumption can cause poor health.  

Source:  University of South Australia

Healthy eating behaviors in childhood may reduce the risk of adult obesity and heart disease

Informed May 13, 2020 at 03:53 AM

Encouraging children to make their own decisions about food, within a structured environment focused on healthy food choices, has been linked to better childhood nutrition and healthier lifelong eating behaviors.
Parents and caregivers can play a significant role in creating an environment that helps children develop healthier eating behaviors early in life, which can reduce the risk for overweight, obesity and cardiovascular disease as adults.  

Source:  American Heart Association

The cost of inaction: COVID-19-related service disruptions could cause hundreds of thousands of extra deaths from HIV

Informed May 12, 2020 at 04:06 AM

A modelling group convened by the World Health Organization and UNAIDS has estimated that if efforts are not made to mitigate and overcome interruptions in health services and supplies during the COVID-19 pandemic, a six-month disruption of antiretroviral therapy could lead to more than 500 000 extra deaths from AIDS-related illnesses, including from tuberculosis, in sub-Saharan Africa in 2020–2021. In 2018, an estimated 470 000 people died of AIDS-related deaths in the region.  

Source:  world health organization

Herpes virus can trigger Alzheimer’s, brain tissue study suggests

Informed May 12, 2020 at 03:50 AM

Using tiny brainlike structures grown in a lab dish, researchers have found new evidence that a common virus responsible for cold sores might also be a cause of Alzheimer’s disease, according to STAT. The scientists reprogrammed human skin cells into neurons, grew them into 3D structures, and then infected them with the herpes simplex virus HSV-1. The cells produced buildups of the protein beta amyloid similar to plaques seen in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s, the team reports this week in Science Advances. The cells also mimicked the disease in other ways, showing signs of increased inflammation and reduced electrical signaling. The finding bolsters the theory that exposure to certain microbes could trigger Alzheimer’s—an idea supported by other studies finding viral genes in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients after death. But given that HSV1 infections are very common, it remains a mystery why the virus might trigger the disease only in certain brains.  

Source:  Science Advances

Is “good” cholesterol still good for you?

Informed May 08, 2020 at 07:41 AM

One of the fundamentals of heart-healthy living is that if your LDL (bad) cholesterol is high, you need to take steps to lower it. After all, bad cholesterol contributes to artery-clogging plaque deposits. On the flip side, doctors encourage us to also raise our HDL (good) cholesterol. That’s because people with high HDL (good cholesterol) tend to be at lower risk of heart disease.

What does HDL cholesterol do?
LDL (bad) cholesterol forms fatty deposits (plaques) in the coronary arteries that can cause heart attacks. HDL removes cholesterol from the blood and transports it to the liver for elimination or recycling.

How to boost your good cholesterol

1. Exercise more: Vigorous exercise is best for boosting your HDL (good) cholesterol, but any extra exercise is better than none.
2. Lose weight: If you are overweight, losing 5% to 10% of your current weight can raise HDL, along with reducing blood pressure and blood sugar.
3. Avoid trans fats: Not eating these artificial fats — found in hard margarines, many baked goods, and fried fast foods — raises HDL cholesterol. Reducing your intake also helps to lower LDL (bad) cholesterol.
4. Cut back on refined carbs: Switch from refined carbohydrates (such 
as white bread) to whole grains. It also helps to add more lean protein to your diet.
5. Don't smoke: Quitting smoking improves HDL and helps your health in many other ways.
6. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation: Moderate drinking means one or two drinks per day. Moderate alcohol consumption supports healthy HDL levels, but it isn't something you should start doing specifically to boost good cholesterol.  

Source:  Harvard University

Up to 190 000 people could die of COVID-19 in Africa if not controlled

Informed May 08, 2020 at 06:38 AM

Eighty-three thousand to 190 000 people in Africa could die of COVID-19 and 29 million to 44 million could get infected in the first year of the pandemic if containment measures fail, a new study by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa finds. The research, which is based on prediction modeling, looks at 47 countries in the WHO African Region with a total population of one billion.  

Source:  world health organization

Study pinpoints metrics of cost-effective screening for type 1 diabetes

Informed May 08, 2020 at 05:54 AM

Health screenings can catch conditions early, helping patients avoid a condition’s worst consequences or even preventing it from developing altogether. Think of mammograms to catch breast cancer early or high blood pressure screening before a person has a stroke. Screening helps pre-symptomatic patients take actions to reduce their risk of a catastrophic outcome.  

Source:  University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Cholesterol lowering drugs – statins – are linked to improved gut bacteria composition in obese people

Informed May 08, 2020 at 04:25 AM

Obese Europeans who are treated with cholesterol lowering drugs have not only lower values of blood LDL cholesterol and markers of inflammation but in addition a more healthy gut bacteria profile than those obese who are not prescribed statins.  

Source:  University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Focused Ultrasound Opening Brain to Impossible Treatments

Informed May 08, 2020 at 04:15 AM

University of Virginia researchers are pioneering the use of focused ultrasound to defy the brain’s protective barrier so that doctors could, at last, deliver many treatments directly into the brain to battle neurological diseases. The approach, the researchers hope, could revolutionize treatment for conditions from Alzheimer’s to epilepsy to brain tumors – and even help repair the devastating damage caused by stroke.  

Source:  University of Virginia Health System

Causes of sudden hearing loss (SHL)

Informed May 07, 2020 at 09:59 AM

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It is not known what causes SHL, but experts point to several possible reasons: a viral infection, an immune system malfunction, an inflammatory injury to the ear, or blocked blood flow to the ear — or even some combination of these.

SHL can affect people of all ages, although it tends to occur most in the 50s and 60s. It usually strikes one ear. You may hear a "pop" or feel like your ear is clogged. "Your hearing often does not go away all at once, either," says Dr. Rauch. "It is a gradual decline over several minutes or even hours, like air leaking from a tire."

Besides hearing problems, SHL can affect your balance, which increases your risk of falls. SHL also could be a sign of a small stoke or tumor. SHL gets ignored because the symptoms feel familiar, like a head cold or earwax or water in the ear. People try to treat it with cold or sinus medicine, swimmer's ear drops, or cleaning their ears. "They think it's just an annoying stuffy ear that will go away, so they put it on the back burner until it's too late," says Dr. Rauch.  

Source:  Harvard University

Now hear this: Don’t ignore sudden hearing loss

Informed May 07, 2020 at 09:56 AM

Everyone's hearing naturally declines with age, and people often have one ear that hears better than the other. But if hearing loss appears suddenly in one ear for no apparent reason, you may have experienced sudden sensorineural hearing loss, or SHL, a kind of nerve deafness.

There are about 66,000 new cases of SHL per year in the United States, according to research in the August 2019 issue of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery. But these numbers are hard to come by, since the condition may be underdiagnosed.

"The main reason is that people don't view it as a serious problem and don't get the medical care they need. This delay increases the risk of permanent hearing loss," says Dr. Steven Rauch, an Ear, Nose and Throat specialist with Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts Eye and Ear.  

Source:  Harvard University

Potato power: Spuds serve high quality protein that’s good for women’s muscle

Informed May 07, 2020 at 08:31 AM

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Researchers from McMaster University have found that the potato, primarily known as a starchy vegetable, can be a source of high-quality protein that helps to maintain muscle.  

Source:  McMaster University

የሰውነት ውፍረትን የሚያመጡ ሚስጥራዊ እውነታዎች

Informed May 06, 2020 at 08:17 AM

የሰውነት ውፍረትን የሚያመጡ ሚስጥራዊ እውነታዎች ለማወቅ ከታች ያለውን ሊንክ ተጭነው ይመልከቱ.  

5 ways to avoid incontinence (the unintended loss of urine or feces)

Informed May 04, 2020 at 04:18 AM

An estimated 32 million Americans have incontinence, the unintended loss of urine or feces that is significant enough to make it difficult for them to maintain good hygiene and carry on ordinary social and work lives.
Often, the causes of incontinence are out of a person's control. For example, in women, incontinence is a common side effect of childbirth. For men, it's often a side effect of treatment for prostate problems.

Although it may not be possible to avoid incontinence, you can take steps to lower the chances that you will develop this distressing problem.

1. Watch your weight:- Excess weight and incontinence can go hand in hand, particularly for women. One theory is that extra abdominal fat can weaken the pelvic floor muscles and lead to stress incontinence (leaking when coughing, laughing, sneezing, etc.). In some cases, simply losing weight can improve incontinence.
2. Don't smoke:- Smoking threatens your health in many ways. It also doubles the likelihood that a woman will develop stress incontinence. Nicotine has also been linked to urge incontinence.
3. Stay active:- In the Nurses' Health Study, middle-aged women who were most physically active were least likely to develop incontinence.
4. Minimize bladder irritants:- Caffeine and alcohol have been linked to urge incontinence (the feeling you need to urinate even when the bladder isn't full). Carbonated drinks, the artificial sweetener aspartame (NutraSweet), spicy foods, and citrus fruits and juices cause urge incontinence in some people.
5. Don't strain with bowel movements. This can weaken the pelvic floor muscles. If your stools are frequently hard or take considerable effort to pass, talk with your doctor. In a study involving people ages 65 and older, treating constipation also improved other urinary symptoms, including frequency and urgency. Increasing the fiber in your diet and drinking enough fluid can help prevent constipation.

Treatments for urinary incontinence are more effective and less invasive than ever. If you have problems with the unintentional loss of urine, don't suffer in silence. Talk with your doctor.  

Source:  Harvard University


Informed May 01, 2020 at 03:31 AM

A first-of-its-kind nanoparticle-based in vivo imaging technique that may one day be used to help diagnose and even treat cancer has been developed by researchers collaborating from Michigan State, Johns Hopkins and Stanford universities.  

Source:  Michigan State University

NIH Clinical Trial Shows Remdesivir Accelerates Recovery from Advanced COVID-19

Informed May 01, 2020 at 03:13 AM

Hospitalized patients with advanced COVID-19 and lung involvement who received remdesivir recovered faster than similar patients who received placebo, according to a preliminary data analysis from a randomized, controlled trial involving 1063 patients, which began on February 21. The trial (known as the Adaptive COVID-19 Treatment Trial, or ACTT), sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, is the first clinical trial launched in the United States to evaluate an experimental treatment for COVID-19.  

Source:  NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


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